ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE INTENTIONS TO MIGRATE FROM RURAL AREAS OF ARMENIA AND GEORGIA USING CAUCASUS BAROMETER 2015
Keywords:rural migration, households, income, employment, economic and political factors.
Migration flows from South Caucasian countries have increased over the past century. These patterns contain positive and negative impacts on the home countries. Prior to analyzing such effects, the causes of migration should be considered and studied in-depth in order to understand the main reasons behind migratory intentions. For this study, Armenia and Georgia will be reviewed because, for many years, these countries shared similar migration traits. Given that a large number of emigrants are from rural areas in Armenia and Georgia, this study was conducted in order to understand the factors that motivate and create intentions to migrate from rural areas. This study’s analysis utilizes the Caucasus Barometer Household Survey (2015) implemented by the Caucasus Research Resource Center’s regional offices in Armenia and Georgia (CRRC,) and a logit model is used to evaluate the factors that create the intention to migrate from rural areas in Armenia and Georgia. The main factors to be analyzed are as follows: household income and employment status as control factors, and gender, age, education level, the presence of relatives abroad, trust towards the Government and the Parliament, and whether people are treated fairly by the Government or not as independent variables
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